Body Weight: Sum of Body Fat Mass and Lean Body Mass Lean Body Mass: (also known as Fat Free Mass) Composed of Dry Lean Mass and Total Body Water Dry Lean Mass: Amount of protein and minerals in your body Total Body Water: Consists of Intracellular Water and Extracellular Water Intracellular Water: Total amount of water within the body cells Extracellular Water: Total amount of water outside of the body cells
Total Body Water increases as Lean Body Mass increases
Skeletal Muscle Mass: (also known as SMM) Amount of muscle attached to the bones (muscle most easily affected through exercise) Body Fat Mass: Sum of subcutaneous fat, visceral fat, and fat surrounding the muscles Subcutaneous Fat: Fat found beneath the skin Visceral Fat: Fat found surrounding the internal organs in the abdomen
The purpose of this section of the scan is to compare your Skeletal Muscle Mass and Body Fat Mass. The longer the Skeletal Muscle Mass bar is compared to the Body Fat Mass bar, the stronger the body is.
In the photo: This specific person has a long Body Fat Mass bar compared to their Skeletal Muscle Mass bar, therefore is considered of normal weight, but of the weak type.
Body Composition Analysis - Total Body Water
Intracellular Water: (also known as ICW) Associated with anabolic processes, more Lean Body Mass, improved nutrient retention/use, and overall cellular health and integrity
Extracellular Water: (also known as ECW) Indicates excess Body Fat Mass or inflammation and water retention related to trauma, injury, or malnutrition
BMI: (also Known as Body Mass Index) Obesity clarification that uses height and weight Percent Body Fat: More accurate measurement based on your muscle to fat ratio.
In this part of the scan, there may be some inaccuracies in BMI for muscular individuals and obese individuals. For example, if you are considered muscular for your height and weight, your BMI will consider yourself obese. We know this is not true based on your Percent Body Fat.
In the photo: The range of 18% to 28% is considered optimal. This specific person has a Percent Body Fat of 36.9% which is over the normal range.
Segmental Lean Analysis
Segmental Lean Analysis: -Evaluates whether the muscles are adequately developed in the body -Shows how much Lean Muscle Mass is in each segment of the body -Trunk includes the chest, abdomen, back, and lower back
Top Bar: -Compares the actual amount of Lean Muscle Mass to your ideal weight derived from your height -Numeric value at the end of the top bar is the actual pounds of Lean Muscle Mass in that segment -Length of the bar shows whether your actual amount of Lean Muscle Mass is under, normal, or over the amount of Lean Muscle Mass ideal for a specific person who weighs the ideal weigh
Bottom Bar: -Percentage of Lean Muscle Mass compared to your own weight -Numeric value at the end of the bottom bar is derived from dividing the segment's Lean Muscle Mass by weight. -Length of the bar shows whether the amount of Lean Muscle Mass in each segment is under, normal, or over the amount needed to sustain weight
In the Photo: The left leg of this specific person has 11.29 pounds of Lean Muscle Mass, which is only 82.3% of what is considered optimal for their overall weight. Therefore, the amount of Lean Muscle Mass is this person's left leg is considered under ideal for their weight. On the other hand, their right arm has 4.43 pounds of Lean Muscle Mass, and is in the normal range for their ideal weight. In summary, this person needs to consider implementing more leg workouts to have overall muscle symmetry.
Ratio of Extracellular Water (ECW) to Total Body Water (TBW): -Indicator whether body water is balanced Optimal Ratio: 0.380 Normal Range: 0.360 - 0.390 Ratio Closer to 0.360: More Intracellular Water, Lean Body Mass, and retention of water/nutrients in cell Ratio Closer to 0.390: More Extracellular Water, Body Fat Mass, and inflammation/water retention, and dehydration
An ECW/TBW ratio can be a good indication of your health and needs to constantly monitored.
In this photo: The ECW/TBW ratio for this person is on the abnormally high side, therefore, they have more Extracellular Water, Body Fat Mass, and inflammation/water retention.
Body Composition History
-Track your past measurements on the results sheet -Shows your previous results of Weight, Skeletal Muscle Mass, Percent Body Fat, and ECW/TBW
Take the InBody scan periodically to monitor your progress over time, from every week to once a month.
In this photo: The first scan to take place for this specific person was on 10/10/11 at 9:15 with the following results:
As shown, this person has lost some overall weight. Some of this weight loss was in the Body Fat, but also in the Skeletal Muscle Mass. This is an indication of someone who has possibly changed their diet, but has not implemented a workout routine.
Body Fat-Lean Body Mass Control
Body Fat Mass: How many pounds of Body Fat Mass are recommended to be lost (-) or gained (+) to get the ideal Percent Body Fat.
Lean Body Mass: How many pounds of muscle are recommended to be gained (+) or lost (-) to get to the ideal Percent Body Fat.
In the photo: This specific person is recommended to lose 21.8 pounds of Body Fat Mass and gain 5.5 pounds of Lean Body Mass. The total overall weight would be a loss of 16.3 pounds.
Segmental Fat Analysis
Segmental Fat Analysis: How many pounds and percentage of fat are in each section of the body
Percentage: Compares the actual amount of fat with the ideal amount of fat
In the photo: Here, the right arm has 3.5 pounds of fat at 179% percent. This means the individual has 79% more fat in the right arm in comparison to an ideal person at that height.
Basal Metabolic Rate
BMR: An estimation using Lean Body Mass to determine the caloric needs over a 24 hour period at absolute rest
In the photo: The results show that this specific person will burn 1175 kcal within 24 hours at rest. This number can be used to determine the daily amount of calories a person needs to consume to lose Body Fat Mass or gain Skeletal Muscle Mass.
Visceral Fat Level
Visceral Fat Level: - An estimated level of abdominal fat that is known to be closely related to cardiovascular diseases. - Level 10 is 100 sq cm of visceral fat, which is normal High Risk: Anything above level 10 Low Risk: Anything below level 10
In the photo: This specific person has a visceral fat level of 12 meaning 120 sq cm of visceral fat. This person would be considered at a High Risk for cardiovascular diseases.